When a vehicle detects a system malfunction it generates a diagnostic trouble code (DTC), which will alert the driver via a warning light or other indicator on the vehicle’s dashboard. DTC codes help you understand what needs to be fixed so you can keep your vehicle safe and healthy.
DTC’s (Diagnostic Trouble Codes) are codes used to notify you about internal issues with a vehicle. When the vehicle detects an issue, it will activate the corresponding trouble code. Each code corresponds to a fault detected in the vehicle.
DTC codes are five characters long, and are categorized into four different types.
First Character: Letter
DTC codes start with a letter that shows which part of the vehicle has an issue:
- P – Powertrain: Includes engine, transmission, and associated accessories.
- C – Chassis: Covers mechanical systems and functions: steering, suspension, and braking.
- B – Body: Parts mainly found in the passenger compartment area.
- U – Network & vehicle integration: Functions managed by the onboard computer system.
Second Character: Number
The first letter is followed by a number, usually 0 or 1.
- 0 – Standardized or generic code – sometimes called global.
- 1 – Manufacturer-specific code – sometimes called enhanced.
Third Character: Number
For powertrain codes, this number tells you which vehicle subsystem has a fault.
- 0 – Fuel and air metering and auxiliary emission controls
- 1 – Fuel and air metering
- 2 – Fuel and air metering – injector circuit
- 3 – Ignition systems or misfires
- 4 – Auxiliary emission controls
- 5 – Vehicle speed control, idle control systems and auxiliary inputs
- 6 – Computer and output circuit
- 7 – Transmission
Fourth & Fifth Character(s): Number
The final piece of a DTC is a number that defines the exact problem that you’re experiencing. It can be a number between zero and 99.
Complete code example: P0782 means powertrain, generic, transmission, 2-3 shift malfunction.
For other families of codes, refer to the definitions provided by your manufacturer.
If you have any devices that report diagnostic data, you can run a DTC alert on your fleet’s vehicles. This alert allows you to stay up-to-date on any vehicle diagnostic issues. Visit the Portal Alerts page to setup your DTC alert.
For more information on how to create an alert, see Creating an Alert.