HOS Rules and Regulations

Everyone say this together, “Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA).” Ok, now one more time: “FMCSA.” The FMCSA is the organization within the Department of Transportation (DOT) that focuses primarily on safety. The FMCSA aims to reduce crashes, injuries, and fatalities involving large trucks and buses. Read on to find out what that means for your Hours of Service (HOS) solution.

How Safe is Safe?

Behavioral Analysis and Safety Improvement Categories (BASICs) are the seven categories the FMCSA uses as part of the Safety Measurement System (SMS) to measure safety performance and create monthly Compliance, Safety, Accountability (CSA) scores. HOS is one of the categories that contributes to the score.

After determining a measurement for each BASIC, CSA rates carriers in percentiles from 0 to 100 by comparing their measurements with their peers. Lower numbers are better, with percentile 0 being the best. They worsen as they approach 100, which is the worst performance. See more at https://csa.fmcsa.dot.gov/about/.

Who, Me?

Wondering if you must comply with HOS regulations? Most drivers must follow the HOS Regulations if they drive a commercial motor vehicle, or CMV. In general, a CMV is a vehicle that is used as part of a business and is involved in interstate commerce and fits any of these descriptions:

  • Weighs 10,001 pounds or more
  • Has a gross vehicle weight rating or gross combination weight rating of 10,001 pounds or more
  • Is designed or used to transport 16 or more passengers (including the driver) not for compensation
  • Is designed or used to transport 9 or more passengers (including the driver) for compensation
  • Is transporting hazardous materials in a quantity requiring placards

See more at: http://www.fmcsa.dot.gov/regulations/hours-of-service.

Let’s Break it Down

The following summary of HOS regulations was taken from the FMCSA website (current as of 7/30/2015). Visit http://www.fmcsa.dot.gov/ for the latest regulations and more HOS information.

The time difference between the Driving Limits and the On-Duty Limits gives drivers the opportunity to take care of non-driving working duties such as loading and unloading cargo, fueling the vehicle, required vehicle inspections, and duties such as meal and rest breaks.

Property-Carrying Drivers

Passenger-Carrying Drivers

11-Hour Driving Limit

May drive a maximum of 11 hours after 10 consecutive hours off duty.

10-Hour Driving Limit

May drive a maximum of 10 hours after 8 consecutive hours off duty.

14-Hour On-Duty Limit

May not drive beyond the 14th consecutive hour after coming on duty, following 10 consecutive hours off duty. Off-duty time does not extend the 14-hour period.

15-Hour On-Duty Limit

May not drive after having been on duty for 15 hours, following 8 consecutive hours off duty. Off-duty time is not included in the 15-hour period.

Rest Breaks

May drive only if 8 hours or less have passed since end of driver’s last off-duty or sleeper berth period of at least 30 minutes. Does not apply to drivers using either of the short-haul exceptions in 395.1(e). [49 CFR 397.5 mandatory “in attendance” time may be included in break if no other duties performed]

60/70-Hour Limit

May not drive after 60/70 hours on duty in 7/8 consecutive days. A driver may restart a 7/8 consecutive day period after taking 34 or more consecutive hours off duty.

60/70-Hour Limit

May not drive after 60/70 hours on duty in 7/8 consecutive days.

Sleeper Berth Provision

Drivers using the sleeper berth provision must take at least 8 consecutive hours in the sleeper berth, plus a separate 2 consecutive hours either in the sleeper berth, off duty, or any combination of the two.

Sleeper Berth Provision

Drivers using a sleeper berth must take at least 8 hours in the sleeper berth, and may split the sleeper berth time into two periods provided neither is less than 2 hours.

An HOS Solution provides you and your drivers with electronic logging device and related tools to monitor driver logs so that you can address and resolve HOS violations quickly. Visit http://www.eldinfo.com/ for more information about the ELD mandate and benefits for you and your drivers.